Monday, August 31, 2009

How to start or stop a Genocide- A lesson from the medieval Glossators of Bolonia

(Also appeared at : South African Catholic 29 / 08 | August / 2009)

Article by Marc Aupiais

The Irony about the South African Common Law, is its basis on the Roman (Roman Dutch) Civil law. The fact that South Africa's common law is based on the same law mostly used in civil law countries- lies in the fragmented times of Rule of Britain and Holland in our nation's territory.

The British have a common law system, even as most of Europe is based on civil law concepts. The British believe in precedent, as does South African legal science- to a degree, though more firmly in lower courts.

The Italian Glossators of Bolonia, Italy- who rediscovered the Corpus Iuris Civilis and Roman law, and much of western legal science, however- teach us another lesson- a lesson about philosophy.

The Secular Natural Lawyers- known as the Humanists- despised the Glossators for allegedly creating false legal security. The Humanists being, to my knowledge: those who justified colonialization and the conquering of Africa- are also more focused on by many: than the Glossators, but the Glossators teach us something- a powerful lesson which emerged with their fallacy.

They divided the concepts of Roman Law into smaller concepts, they defined these until the law became uniform and would not contradict itself. It is how they reintroduced true legal science to Europe. It is also how they allegedly misread the law.

The secret truth the Glossators of Bolonia teach us is that of division. Philosophy is the love of truth- the finding of the source of things, and thus their position. From the source of a thing, what divides it from others may well be discovered truly...

The Glossators misdefined concepts- blinded by ideological beliefs and too much belief in the law of Justinian, they drew the lines between concepts incorrectly- yet in doing so, they teach us a truth.

How one separates one concept from another is often how logic is twisted. To separate a child and an adult in one way is just- a child cannot define their destiny to the same extent- yet to separate two living beings with human DNA into human person and human non-person is fallacy- one which has sadly entered South African legal thought. The problem lies in the division.

To avoid the mistake of the Glossators on everyday matters- one should not simply separate concepts on the surface- based on practicality. One must look to the source of the difference and its cause, in context, with understanding and comprehension. One must further look into the source of the thing which is divided from another... In and on itself, and perhaps the source of the other also.

This said, how the Nazis murdered about ten million people- was by purposely dividing concepts of what human is and is not, without just boundary. The true division was not between human person and non-person, a just judgement would never call a human being a non-person, yet politics and political advancement caused this division- an unjust division to emerge.

It is by false division that abortion flourishes- for the source of man is ignored in dividing his personhood into unjust divisions. It is by this false division that nationalism emerges, and persons of one culture or race kill, murder those of another, with no just cause for killing.

The secret of the Glossators is simple- how one defines the world tells us who and what one truly obeys- and whether one desires truth or mere practicality. The Glossators of Bolonia- these early medieval legal scholars: were not wrong to divide concepts from each other- the Glossators failed Europe by dividing the law out of context. This same misreading of law was used by later lawyers, important members among the Humanists of the later time- if I remember: to justify the bloodshed which conquered Africa and Australia.

How we define the world, our worldview - our "faith" in whatever way of defining the world we have, is what determines our actions. I believe it better to find the source of a division first- to seek the truth, and thus define the difference from its beginning. Or as closely to this source of a thing as is possibly viable.

No comments:

Followers

Scripturelink Latest!

Search the Vatican Website by Section- Efficiently, and Effectively!

Search our specialized (VaticanSearch.Scripturelink.net) search site

Search the Vatican in general

Search the Vatican State (country, history, tourism, museums, local structures, media, landmarks etc)

Search Papal information and speeches on the Vatican Site

Search News, media and information on Vatican sites + Vatican vetted Jesuit Newspaper

Search the Second Vatican Council on the Vatican Website

Search inter alia Liturgy, Papal Calendar, blesseds, saints on the Vatican Site

Search Saint, Blesseds, canonization Information on the Vatican Site

Search inter alia the New American Bible (and other languages versions, and Pontifical Biblical Commission) on the Vatican Site

Search Catechism and Compendium (and Interdicasterial Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church) on the Vatican Site

Search the 1983 Codification of Canon Law (and Pontifical Council for Legislative (Ecclesiastical) Texts) on the Vatican Site

Search the Roman Curia (Bodies set up to act on behalf of the papacy on matters)

Search the Pontifical Academies (Cultorum Martyrum, Ecclesiastical, Life, Sciences, Social Sciences)

Congregations (Faith,Oriental Churches, Worship / Sacraments, Saints, Evangelization, Consecrated Life / Apostolic Life, Catholic Education, Bishops)

Commissions (Cultural Heritage, "Ecclesia Dei", Archeology, Biblical, Theological, Catechism of Catholic Church, Latin America)

Tribunals (Penitentiary(sin), Roman Rota; Supremo Tribunale della Segnatura Apostolica)

Councils (Laity, Chrst. Unity, Family, Justice + Peace,Cor Unum, Migrants + Itinerants, Health,Church Law, Inter-rel. Dialogue, Culture, Soc. Comm.)

Chorus Sistine Chapel, Basilica Excavations Office, "Latinitas",Publishing House,Equestrian Order , Pilgrims, Sacred Music, Vatican Press

Synod of Bishops

Offices: mostly Vatican Finance / economic issues

Secretariate of State : Diplomacy, Peter's Penance etc (Secretary of State deals largely with foreign issues)

Pontifical Committees e.g. Eucharistic Congresses, Historical Sciences; Labour Office of the Apostolic See; Swiss Guard

Section: Copyright Marc Aupiais. All Rights Strictly Reserved!